Thursday, 21 June 2012


Four (4) process of management.

The four process of management are Planning, Organizing, Leading and Controlling.

The process of planning involves deciding the objectives, activity to be managed, aims and target to be achieved, and the ways or means of achieving these objectives by an organization. For example the production manager and supervisor will establish strategy and develop plans to synchronize the activities and determine how the required production can be completed by scheduling the output.
Organizing refers to designing and creating structure of group of people to undertake the tasks required by the plans created in the previous stage. This activities involves determining what task are to be done, who is to do them, how the tasks are to be group, who reports to whom and when decisions are to be made and instructing and training the people for satisfactory performance of work to be done by them. For example, co-workers were assigned to different supervisors and many production activities were restructured in order to achieve the goals specified.
Leading refers to the process of ensuring that the people in the organization are committed to the objectives and plans of the organization and extend their best efforts towards implementation of the plans and objectives. It includes motivating subordinates, directing others, selecting the most effective communication channels, and resolving conflict. For example, managers motivate subordinates, influence individuals or teams as they work, select the most effective communication channel, or deal in any way with employee behaviour issues.
It is a process of monitoring activities, reviewing the actual performance and initiating mid-course corrective action. In other words controlling is the process of monitoring, comparing, and correcting. These is to ensure that they are being accomplished as planned and correcting any significant deviations. For example, since the sales of Perodua MyVi exceeded expectation, management has to add more shifts to meet the demand which will increase the market share.

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